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Agenda astronómica 2020

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EPHEMERIS CALENDAR

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VISIBILITY CHARTS
(Planets and Moon)

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TABLES: EARTH-SUN

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TABLES: MOON

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TABLES: PLANETS

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ECLIPSES

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METEOR SHOWERS

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MORE PHENOMENA

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ASTRONOMY AND SCIENCE CELEBRATIONS

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HISTORICAL ANNIVERSARIES

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LINKS

0

Annual Ephemeris Calendar

All the astronomical ephemeris in this calendar are expressed in Universal Time (UT)

Download the calendar for 2020: HERE

You can find in the calendar:

  • Beginning of the seasons
  • Perihelion & aphelion
  • Lunar phases
  • Perigee & apogee of the Moon
  • Maximum elongations, conjunctions & oppositions of the planets
  • Solar & Lunar eclipses

1

Visibility charts

You can find in the charts:

  • Information about the visibility of the planets in the sky for the whole year
  • Planetary conjunctions, maximum elongations and brightness of Mercury and Venus, and the oppositions of the superior planets
  • Sunrise and Moonrise/ Sunset and Moonset
  • Beginning of the seasons

All the times are expressed in Universal Time (UT) DOWNLOAD:

Chart Latitude=42ºN, 2020 Instructions 42ºN
Chart Latitude=40ºN, 2020 Instructions 40ºN
Chart Latitude=30ºS, 2020 Instructionss 30ºS
carta2020 42N ca.png

2

Earth-Sun

Changes of Season (TU)

  Data Time
Spring 20 March 03 h 50 m TU
Summer 20 June 21 h 44 m TU
Autumn 22 September 13 h 31 m TU
Winter 21 December 10 h 02 m TU
Calculate sunrise and sunset

Earth's orbit (TU)

  Date Distance to the Sun
Perihelion (Min. distance) 5 January 147091473 km
Aphelion (Max. distance) 4 July 152095287 km

3

Moon

Lunar Phases (TU)

New Moon First Quarter Full Moon Third Quarter
  03/01/2020 10/01/2020 17/01/2020
24/01/2020 02/02/2020 09/02/2020 15/02/2020
23/02/2020 02/03/2020 09/03/2020 16/03/2020
24/03/2020 01/04/2020 08/04/2020 15/04/2020
23/04/2020 30/04/2020 07/05/2020 14/05/2020
22/05/2020 30/05/2020 05/06/2020 13/06/2020
21/06/2020 28/06/2020 05/07/2020 12/07/2020
20/07/2020 27/07/2020 03/08/2020 11/08/2020
19/08/2020 25/08/2020 02/09/2020 10/09/2020
17/09/2020 24/09/2020 01/10/2020 10/10/2020
16/10/2020 23/10/2020 30/10/2020 08/11/2020
15/11/2020 22/11/2020 30/11/2020 08/12/2020
14/12/2020 21/12/2020 30/12/2020  

Moon's orbit (UT)

Perigee* ((Minimum distance) Apogee (Maximum distance)
          02 January
13 January 10 February 10 March 29 January 26 February 24 March
07 April 06 mayo 03 June 24 April 18 mayo 15 June
30 June 25 July 21 August 12 July 09 August 06 September
18 September 16 October 14 November 03 October 30 October 27 November
12 December       24 December  

4

Planet information (TU) :

Mercury

Day Time (TU) Phenomenon
     
10 January 15 h Sup. Conj.
     
10 February 14h Max. East Elong. (18,2º)
     
26 February 02 h Inf. Conj.
     
24 March 02 h Max. West Elong. (27,8º)
     
04 mayo 21 h Sup. Conj.
     
04 June 13 h Max. East Elong. (23,6º)
     
01 July 03 h Inf. Conj.
     
22 July 15 h Max. West Elong. (20,1º)
     
17 August 15 h Sup. Conj.
     
01 October 16 h Max. East Elong. (25,8º)
     
25 October 18 h Inf. Conj.
     
10 November 17 h Max. West Elong. (19,1º)
     
20 December 03 h Sup. Conj.
     

Venus

Day Time Conjunction
24 March 10 h Max. East Elong. (46,1º)
03 June 18 h Inf. Conj.r
13 August 10 h Max. West Elong. (45,8º)

Marte

Day Time Phenomenon
13 October 23 h Opposition

Júpiter

Day Time Phenomenon
14 July 07 h Opposition
27 December 18 h Conjunction

Saturno

Day Time Phenomenon
13 January 14 h Conjunction
20 July 22 h Opposition

Urano

Day Time Phenomenon
26 April 10 h Conjunction
31 October 16 h Opposition

Neptuno

Day Time Phenomenon
08 March 12 h Conjunction
11 September 19 h Opposition

5

Eclipses

màxim App for calculating Eclipses and Transits

Solar Eclipses

Tipus Day Time màxim Visibility
Annular 21 January 06:40 TU Visible as partial from Africa, Southeast of Europe and Asia. Visible as annular from Central Africa, South Asia, China and Pacific, map
Total 14 December 16:13 TU Visible as total from South Pacific , Chile, Argentina and South Atlantic. Visible as partial from Pacific, the south of South America and Antartica map

Lunar Eclipses

Tipus Day Time màxim Visibilitat
Penumbral 10 January 19 h 10 m TU Asia, Europe, Africa, mapa
Penumbral 05 June 19 h 25 m TU Asia, Australia, Europe, Africa, mapa
Penumbral 05 July 04 h 30 m TU Americas, Sudoeste de Europe, Africa, mapa
Penumbral 30 November 09 h 42 m TU Asia, Australia, Pacific, Americas mapa

6

Meteor Showers

Name Days Maximum aprox Constelation around the radiant Meteors per hour (aprox)
Quadrantids 1-5 January 4 January- 09h Bootes = 120 (it can vary ≈ 60 − 200)
Lyrids 15-28 April 22 April - 06h Lyra 18 (it can vary, till 90)
Eta-Aquarids 19 April - 28 mayo 4 mayo -19h Aquarius 50 (variable periodically, ≈ 40–85);
Arietids 22 mayo-2 July 7 June Aries 30?
Delta Aquarids 12 July-19 August 27 July -21 h Aquarius 20
Perseids 17 July - 24 August 12 August- 13 h Perseus 100-110
Orionids 2 October-7 November 21 October- 05 h Orion 20+
Leonids 14 - 21 November 17 November- 11 h Leo ≈ 10 − 20
Geminids 7 17 December 14 December - 01 h Gemini 150

10

Other Phenomena

7

Astronomy and Science Celebrations

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11 February,
International Day of the girl and woman in Science

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12 April,
International Day of Human Space Flight

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30 de June,
Asteroid Day

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4-10 October
World Space Week

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11 November Week,
Internatiol Science Week

8

Historical Anniversaries

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18 February 1930, discovery of Pluto
Discovered during the search for a celestial body that would explain the orbital perturbations of Neptune, advanced hypothesis by Percival Lowell as Planet X.*

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24 de April 1990, The Hubble Space Telescope is launched
a joint project of ESA and NASA orbiting 593 kilometers above sea level with an orbital period between 96 and 97 minutes. The telescope can obtain images with a spatial resolution greater than 0.1 arc seconds.

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February 2020, ESA Solar Orbiter*
mission launch forecast, to perform measurements of the heliosphere and solar wind, and to make observations of the polar regions of the Sun getting very close to it.

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17 July 2020, Mars Rover launch forecast
a NASA Mars mission of astrobiological and geological research, to collect samples that will be returned on another mission

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July 2020,anticipation of the launch of the Rosalind Franklin
a rover part of the ESO and Roscosmos international mission

9

Links

  1. Ephemerides from the Observatorio Astronómico Nacional
  2. Astronomical Agenda from the l'Instituto Geográfico Nacional
  3. Space calendar : Astronomical events information on JPL.
  4. NASA Sky events calendar
  5. Mr. Eclipse, els propers eclipses
  6. Eclipse Homepage de la NASA

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