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Astronomical Agenda 2019

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EPHEMERIS CALENDAR

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VISIBILITY CHARTS
(Planets and Moon)

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TABLES: EARTH-SUN

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TABLES: MOON

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TABLES: PLANETS

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ECLIPSES

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METEOR SHOWERS

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MORE PHENOMENA

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ASTRONOMY AND SCIENCE CELEBRATIONS

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HISTORICAL ANNIVERSARIES

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LINKS

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Annual Ephemeris Calendar

All the astronomical ephemeris in this calendar are expressed in Universal Time (UT)

Download the calendar for 2019: HERE

You can find in the calendar:

  • Beginning of the seasons
  • Perihelion & aphelion
  • Lunar phases
  • Perigee & apogee of the Moon
  • Maximum elongations, conjunctions & oppositions of the planets
  • Solar & Lunar eclipses

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Visibility charts

You can find in the charts:

  • Information about the visibility of the planets in the sky for the whole year
  • Planetary conjunctions, maximum elongations and brightness of Mercury and Venus, and the oppositions of the superior planets
  • Sunrise and Moonrise/ Sunset and Moonset
  • Beginning of the seasons

The charts are calculated to latitude 40ºN

All the times are expressed in Universal Time (UT)

DOWNLOAD:

Chart Latitude=40ºN, 2019
Chart Latitude=30ºS, 2019
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Earth-Sun

Changes of Season (TU)

  Data Time
Spring 20 March 21 h 58 m TU
Summer 21 June 15 h 54 m TU
Autumn 23 September 07 h 49 m TU
Winter 21 December 23 h 22 m TU
Calculate sunrise and sunset

Earth's orbit (TU)

  Date Distance to the Sun
Perihelion (Min. diustance) 3 January 147099766 km
Aphelion (Max. distance) 4 July 152104278 km

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Moon

Lunar Phases (UT)

New Moon First Quarter Full Moon Third Quarter
06/01/2019 14/01/2019 21/01/2017 27/01/2019
04/02/2019 12/02/2019 19/02/2019 26/02/2019
06/03/2019 14/03/2019 21/03/2019 28/03/2019
05/04/2019 12/04/2019 19/04/2019 26/04/2019
04/05/2019 12/05/2019 18/05/2019 26/05/2019
03/06/2019 10/06/2019 17/06/2019 25/06/2019
02/07/2019 09/07/2019 16/07/2019 25/07/2019
01/08/2019 07/08/2019 15/08/2019 23/08/2019
30/08/2019 06/09/2019 14/09/2019 22/09/2019
28/09/2019 05/10/2019 13/10/2019 21/10/2019
28/10/2019 04/11/2019 12/11/2019 19/11/2019
26/11/2019 04/12/2019 12/12/2019 19/12/2019
26/12/2019      

Moon's orbit (UT)

Perigee* ((Minimum distance) Apogee (Maximum distance)
          09 January
21 January 19 February 19 March 05 February 04 March 01 abril
16 abril 13 May 07 June 28 abril 26 May 23 June
05 July 02 August 30 August 21 July 17 August 13 September
28 September 26 October 23 November 10 October 07 November 05 December
18 December          

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Planet information (TU) :

Mercury

Day Hora (TU) Phenomenon
     
30 January 03 h Sup. Conj.
     
27 February 01 h Max. East Elong. (18,1º)
     
15 March 02 h Inf. Conj.
     
11 abril 19 h Max. West Elong. (27,7º)
     
21 May 13 h Sup. Conj.
     
23 June 23 h Max. East Elong. (25,2º)
     
21 July 13 h Inf. Conj.
     
09 August 23 h Max. West Elong. (19,0º)
     
04 September 01 h Sup. Conj.
     
20 October 04 h Max. East Elong. (24,6º)
     
11 November 15 h Inf. Conj. Transit
     
28 November 10 h Max. West Elong. (20,1º)
Transit of Mercury

Venus

Day Time Phenomenon
06 January 05 h Max. West Elong. (47,0º)
14 August 06 h Sup. Conj.

Mars

Day Time Phenomenon
02 September 10 h Conjunction

Jupiter

Day Time Phenomenon
10 June 15 h Opposition
27 December 18 h Conjunction

Saturn

Day Time Phenomenon
02 January 05 h Conjunction
09 July 16 h Opposition

Uranus

Day Time Phenomenon
23 abril 00 h Conjunction
28 October 08 h Opposition

Neptunus

Day Time Phenomenon
07 March 01 h Conjunction
10 September 06 h Opposition

5

Eclipses

máx.m App for calculating Eclipses and Transits

Solar Eclipses

Type Day Hour of the maximum Visibility
Partial 06 January 01:41 TU Visible from North east Asia and North Pacific, map
Total 02 July 19:22 TU Visible in its totality from total al South Pacific, Xile and Argentina. Visible as parcial from the south of the Pacific and South America, map
Annular 26 de December 05:17 TU Visible as annular from Saudi Arabia, India, Sumatra, Borneo. Visible as partial from Asia and Australia. , map

Lunar Eclipses

Type Day Hour of the maximum Visibility
Total 21 January 05h 12m TU Pacific centre, Americas, Europa, Africa, map
Partial 16 July 21h 30m TU Suuth America, Europ, africa, Asia, Australia, map

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Meteor Showers

Name Days Maximum aprox Constelation around the radiant Meteors per hour (aprox)
Quadrantids 1-5 January 4 January- 02h Bootes 120
Lyrids 15-28 abril 23 abril - 00h Lyra 20
Eta-Aquarids 19 abril - 28 May 5 May -13h Aquarius 60
Arietids 22 May-2 July 7 June Aries 54
Delta Aquarids 12 July-19 August 28 July -15 h Aquarius 20
Perseids 17 July - 24 August 13 August- 07 h Perseus 90
Orionids 2 October-7 November 21October- 23 h Orion 20
Leonids 14 - 21 November 18 November- 05 h Leo 15
Geminids 7 17 December 14 December - 18 h Gemini 120

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More phenomena

Transit of Mercury, 11 de November de 2019

Transit on Eclipse Wise

Transit on Xavier Jubier

7

Astronomy and Science Celebrations

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11 February,
International Day of the girl and woman in Science

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12 April,
International Day of Human Space Flight

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30 de June,
Asteroid Day

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4-10 October
World Space Week

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11 November Week,
Internatiol Science Week

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Historical Anniversaries

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27 January 1949, first light of the Hale Telescope
It was the world's largest telescope for nearly 30 years.

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14 March 1879, Albert Einstein is born
developed the theory of relativity. Cosmology, a new physical area, appears due to his reformulation of the concept of Gravity.

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16 May 1969, Venera 5 lands on Venus
is a space probe in the Soviet space program Venera for the exploration of Venus. List of missions to Venus

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20 July1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first men to walk on the Moon
They are part of the american mission Apollo 11

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20 September 1979, HEAO 3 is launched
one of the three NASA's large low-Earth-orbiting spacecraft for X-ray and Gamma-Ray astronomy and Cosmic-Ray investigations

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18 November 1989,Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) is launched
a satellite to study cosmic microwave background radiation and supply evidence in support of the Big Bang theory

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Links

  1. Ephemerides from the Observatorio Astronómico Nacional
  2. Astronomical Agenda from the l'Instituto Geográfico Nacional
  3. Space calendar : Astronomical events information on JPL.
  4. NASA Sky events calendar
  5. Mr. Eclipse, els propers eclipses
  6. Eclipse Homepage de la NASA

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