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Astronomical agenda for 2009


Remarkable events

February 24. Comet Lulin nears the Earth.

July 22. Solar eclipse.

Path of totality crosses India, China and Japan.

August 12. Meteor shower: the Perseids.

August 10-September 8. Saturn’s rings not visible.

August 14. Jupiter lies at opposition.

September 2. Jupiter without its moons.

September 30. Messenger probe flies over Mercury for the third time.

October 13. Venus/Saturn conjunction (distance: 0.5 degrees).

November 17. Meteor shower: the Leonids.

December 31. Partial lunar eclipse of 0.0763 magnitude.



Changes of season

Date Exact hour
Spring 20th March 11h 44m UT
Summer 21st June 05h 45m UT
Autumn 22nd September 21h 19m UT
Winter 21st December 17h 47m UT

Sunrise and sunset hours for any place (Calculation tool in javascript).

Earth's orbit

Date Distance to the Sun
Perihelion (minimum distance) 4th January 147.095.271 km
Afhelion (maximum distance) 4th July 152.091.174 km


Lunar phases ( UT ):

New Moon Crescent Moon Full Moon Waning Moon
  04/01/2009 11/01/2009 18/01/2009
26/01/2009 02/02/2009 09/02/2009 16/02/2009
25/02/2009 04/03/2009 11/03/2009 18/03/2009
26/03/2009 02/04/2009 09/04/2009 17/04/2009
25/04/2009 01/05/2009 09/05/2009 17/05/2009
24/05/2009 31/05/2009 07/06/2009 15/06/2009
22/06/2009 29/06/2009 07/07/2009 15/07/2009
22/07/2009 28/07/2009 06/08/2009 13/08/2009
20/08/2009 27/08/2009 04/09/2009 12/09/2009
18/09/2009 26/09/2009 04/10/2009 11/10/2009
18/10/2009 26/10/2009 02/11/2009 09/11/2009
16/11/2009 24/11/2009 02/12/2009 09/12/2009
16/12/2009 24/12/2009 31/12/2009

Moon's orbit

Perigee (minimum distance) Apogee (maximum distance)
10th January 7th February 7th March 23rd January 19th February 19th March
2nd April 28th April 26th May 16th April 14th May 10th June
23rd June 21st July 19th August 7th July 4th August 31st August
16th September 13th October 7th November 28th September 25th October 22nd November
4th December 20th December

Information about the planets ( UT ):


Day Hour Event
4th January 14h Max. East elongation (19.3º)
20th January 16h Inferior Conjunction
13th February 21h Max. West elongation (26.1º)
31st March 03h Superior Conjunction
26th April 08h Max. East elongation (20.4º)
18th May 10h Inferior Conjunction
13th June 12h Max. West elongation (23.5º)
14th July 02h Superior Conjunction
24th August 16h Max. East elongation (27.4º)
20th September 10h Inferior Conjunction
6th October 01h Max. West elongation (17.9º)
5th November 08h Superior Conjunction
18th December 17h Max. East elongation (20.3º)


Day Hour Event
14th January 23h Max. East elongation (47.1º)
27th March 20h Inferior Conjunction
5th June 20h Max. West elongation (45.8º)


No remarkable positions through 2009


Day Hour Event
24th January 07h Conjunction
14th August 19h Opposition


Day Hour Event
8th March 19h Opposition
17th September 18h Conjunction


Day Hour Event
13th March 10h Conjunction
17th September 18h Opposition


Day Hour Event
12th February 07h Conjunction
17th August 14h Opposition


Solar eclipses

Type Day Hour of the maximum Visibility
Annular 26th January 07h 57m UT Southern Africa, Antarctica, South East of Asia and Australia. Annularity will be visible from Indonesia.
Total 22nd July 02h 37m UT Totality will cross India, Nepal, China and the Pacific. It will be partial at Eastern Asia, Pacific and Hawaii.

Lunar eclipses

Type Day Hour of the maximum Visibility
Penumbral 9th February 14h 39m UT Eastern Europe, Asia, Australia, Pacific and Western North America.
Penumbral 7th July 09h 38m UT Australia, Pacific and America.
Penumbral 6th August 00h 41m UT Visible from Europe
Partial 31st December 19h 25m UT Visible from Europe

Other Events

Meteors Shower

Name Days Maximum aprox Constelation around the radiant Meteors per hour (aprox)
Quadrantids 1-5 January 3 January Bootes 120
Lyrid 15-28 April 22 April Lyra 15
Eta-Aquarid 19 April - 28 May 6 May Aquarius 60
Arietid 22 May-2 July 7 June Aries 54
Delta Aquarid 12 july-19 August 28 July Aquarius 20
Perseids 17 July - 24 August 12 August Perseus 90
Orionids 2October-7 November 21 October Orion 20
Leonids 14 - 21 November 17 October Leo variable
Geminids 7 17 December 14 December Gemini 120
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